Frequently Asked Questions:

To assist you, I have provided answers to the following questions that are often asked:

What type of Law do you practice?

In British Columbia, every member in good standing with the Law Society of British Columbia is qualified to practice in all areas of the law. Most lawyers focus on areas of interest to them and prefer to practice in only certain areas. From 1980, when I qualified to practice law, until 1987, I practiced both as a solicitor and a trial lawyer in most areas of the law. Since 1987 I have practiced primarily as a solicitor.

I prefer to practice in the following areas:

Corporate And Commercial LawIncorporation and reorganization of companies, partnership and shareholder agreements, shareholder disputes, purchase and sale of businesses, leases, landlord and tenant disputes, bankruptcy, employer and employee relations, wrongful dismissal, income tax.



First Nations Law - structuring businesses for first nations economic development including joint ventures and limited partnerships, development agrements, leases for first nations land, accommodation and benefit agreements, first nations trusts, employment law, and general business involving first nations.



Wills, Trusts And Estates – Last will and testament, Representation Agreements (Living Wills), estate planning, family trusts, insurance trusts, Power of Attorney; Probate and Estate Administration, estate litigation, elder law, incapacity and rights of seniors

Mortgages And Real EstateResidential and commercial mortgages, home purchases, purchase and sale of land, land development, subdivisions, foreclosures, personal property security.

Bankruptcy and Insolvencypersonal and corporate bankruptcy, consumer proposals, realization of security, receiverships.


What happens if my problem is outside of your area of practice?

To provide the best service and value to my clients, I have focused on the areas of practice outlined above. However, since starting practice in 1980, I have practiced in most areas of the law and have a good working knowledge in most areas. Over the years I have established a close working relationship with lawyers who prefer to focus on areas of the law such as divorce and child custody, criminal law, patents and trademarks, personal injury and immigration. If you require the assistance of a specialist, then I will work with you to find the lawyer most suited to represent you.


How do you set fees?

In setting a fair fee for clients, the primary consideration is the value of the work to the client. It is important that the client receive value for the fee paid while providing fair compensation for the work done. The factors considered in setting the fee are:

  • the results achieved and the expectations of the client
  • the time and effort required
  • the novelty and complexity of the issues presented
  • the skills required to perform the legal services
  • the fees customarily charged in the community for similar services
  • the amount of money or value of property involved

Records will be kept of the time spent on behalf of the client for various activities such as conferences or meetings, telephone calls, research, preparation, court attendance, and travel on your behalf, and related matters. The final fee may be more or less than the actual time spent to reflect the factors listed above and to ensure that the client receives value for the fee charged.

Clients are also charged for out of pocket expenses such as photocopies, couriers, fax service, court and registry fees, bailiff's fees, long distance telephone charges, title registration fees, and title search fees.

In British Columbia, legal fees and certain out of pocket expenses are subject to both the Goods and Services Tax and the Provincial Sales Tax.


Hourly Rates

My present hourly rate is $300.00, although for certain special types of work a higher rate may be charged. If an hourly rate, rather than a flat fee, is to be charged for the work, the client is advised in advance.

A legal assistant or a research assistant does certain work under my direct supervision. These individuals have special skills and training. The research assistant is a fully qualified lawyer but not in public practice. A legal assistant is a fully qualified secretary with additional training and skills in certain fields of practice. All work done by the legal assistant is presently charged at the rate of $75.00 per hour. Work done by the research assistant is charged at $110.00 per hour. Work is done by the assistants to ensure services are provided in an efficient and timely manner for the least cost to the client.


What services do you provide for a flat fee?

For certain well-defined services (such as basic wills, incorporation of a basic company or purchase and sale of homes) we have a fixed or flat fee. The fee reflects the amount of work required for an ordinary transaction. If there are unusual or extraordinary circumstances beyond our control, then an additional fee may be charged.


What do you charge for a basic Will?

My fee for a basic will for an individual start at $350.00. Taxes and out-of-pocket expenses are extra. If the right solution for you requires more than a basic will, then the extra charges for preparing a more complex will or a trust if needed will be discussed with you before the work is done.

With recent changes in the law, and blended families becoming more common, there is no longer a "simple will".  The actual fees will depending on the circumstances. 


What do you charge for a simple residential conveyance (home purchase) and mortgage?

My fee for a simple residential conveyance and mortgage depends on each particular situation.  For a basic residential conveyance (where we simply transfer title and register in your name as the purchaser), our fees are typicallly $600.00. Taxes, title search and registration fees, and other out-of-pocket expenses are extra. We are always happy to provide a detailed quote of the total cost of the transaction. If you wish a quote, please contact my office.


Initial Consultations

I do provide a free initial consultation at times if you have previously requested this. Otherwise, I will charge for the work done.


Payment of Accounts

Depending on the nature of the work, I will bill you for my fees, taxes, and disbursements and other charges, on completion of the work or at the end of each important step of the case. Accounts are payable upon receipt, and interest is charged on overdue accounts. A retainer will be required in some cases.


Updated: April 16, 2014